1. Introduction to Secondary Sources

2. Textbooks

3. Legal Encyclopedias

4. Government Documents

5. Legal Dictionaries

Secondary Sources – The Canadian Encyclopedic Digest

The Canadian Encyclopedic Digest (CED) is published in loose-leaf format by Thomson Carswell.

The CED is issued in two editions:

Whether you consult the Western edition, the Ontario edition, or both, depends on the jurisdiction and the area of law being researched.

The CED is composed of:

Main Work

The main work of the CED is organized alphanumerically using volume numbers and subject titles One volume will often contain several subject titles, with each title covering a discrete legal topic.

Fig 1.1 The Main Work of the CED (Shelved in FTX Reference)

A photograph of one of the books.


The main work of the CED is updated regularly using supplements.

Research Guide & Key

The research guide explains how to use the CED.  It also contains the:

Fig 1.2 The CED Index & Research Guide and Key

A closeup of the guide.

Fig 1.3 The Research Guide and Key Volume

A shot of the inside of the guide.

Fig 1.4 The Statutes Key

A photo of the table of statutes in the guide.