1. Introduction to Federal Legislation

2. Bills

3. Legislative Research

Federal Legislation – Bills

Members of Parliament and Senators study, debate and often amend bills. A bill is a draft or proposed piece of legislation that is making its way through the legislature.

There are three principal types of bills.

1. Government Bills

Submitted on behalf of government by a Cabinet minister to Parliament for approval, and possible amendment before becoming law.

2. Private Member's Bills

Submitted to Parliament by a Private Member. Every MP who is not a Cabinet minister is a Private Member (i.e., whether or not they are a member of the Party forming Government).

3. Private Bills

May not be introduced by a Minister and must be founded on a petition signed by the persons who are interested in promoting it.