Jason Garred - Department of Economics, University of Ottawa

Co-director, Ottawa Applied Microeconomics Lab

Fields of research - Development economics, international trade

CV

Research

      Winners and Losers from a Commodities-for-Manufactures Trade Boom
        (with Francisco JM Costa and João Paulo Pessoa)
        Journal of International Economics 102 (2016), pp. 50-69
        Nontechnical summary: VoxEU (also published by VoxLACEA and the Lindau meetings blog)
        Online appendix   Concordances and replication files

A recent boom in commodities-for-manufactures trade between China and other developing countries has led to much concern about the losers from rising import competition in manufacturing, but little attention on the winners from growing Chinese demand for commodities. Using census data for Brazil, we find that local labour markets more affected by Chinese import competition experienced slower growth in manufacturing wages between 2000 and 2010. However, we observe faster wage growth in locations benefiting from rising Chinese commodity demand during the same period.

      The Persistence of Trade Policy in China After WTO Accession
        Journal of International Economics 114 (2018), pp. 130-142
        Nontechnical summary: VoxEU
        Online appendix   China export restrictions data   Concordances and replication files

Import tariffs have fallen steeply worldwide over the last several decades, but has trade policy persisted through a rise in the use of other instruments? I study this question in the context of China's 2001 accession to the World Trade Organization, using panel data on Chinese export policies. I find that after its entry into WTO, the distribution of China's export restrictions across industries increasingly resembles the inverse of its pre-WTO import tariff schedule. The evidence suggests that increases in export restrictions are likely to have partly restored China's pre-WTO trade policy.

      On Target? Sanctions and the Economic Interests of Elite Policymakers in Iran
        (with Mirko Draca, Leanne Stickland and Nele Warrinnier)

How successful are sanctions at targeting the economic interests of political elites in affected countries? We study the case of Iran, using information on the stock exchange-listed assets of two specific political entities with significant influence over the direction of Iran's nuclear program. Our identification strategy focuses on the process of negotiations for sanctions removal, examining which interests benefit most from news about diplomatic progress. The results indicate the 'bluntness' of sanctions on Iran, but also provide evidence of their effectiveness in generating substantial economic incentives for elite policymakers to negotiate a deal for sanctions relief.

      The Impact of Climate Change on Risk and Return in Indian Agriculture
        (with Francisco JM Costa, Fabien Forge and João Paulo Pessoa)

We investigate the extent to which climate change will result in insurable and uninsurable losses for farmers in India. Shifts in the distributions of temperature and precipitation may increase the volatility of farmers' yields, leading to rising but insurable risk, and/or reduce mean yields and thus cause permanent reductions in the returns to farming. We use a multi-run climate model to predict the future distribution of yields at the district level for sixteen major crops. For the average district, we project a sharp decline in mean agricultural revenue, but relatively small shifts in volatility. This is because weather draws resulting in extremely low agricultural revenue -- what had once been 1-in-100-year events -- are predicted to become the norm by the end of the century, implying substantial uninsurable losses from the changing climate.

      When are Tariff Cuts Not Enough? Heterogeneous Effects of Trade Preferences for the Least Developed Countries
        (with Fabien Forge and Kyae Lim Kwon)
        Draft available upon request

We study the impact of a large set of recent reforms to trade preferences for the least developed countries (LDCs). In the late 1990s and early 2000s, OECD countries greatly expanded their LDC trade preference programs, cutting tariffs on imports from LDCs to zero for a wide range of products. We show that these tariff reductions had a small positive average effect, but also that the breadth of their impact was strikingly limited. New export relationships (by importer-exporter-product) were stimulated only in cases with previous 'export experience', where countries already exported the same product to an OECD country or exported a similar product to the same importer. Tariff cuts for LDCs thus led to increases in trade flow survival and 'sequential exporting', but made no other progress in reducing the overwhelming prevalence of zero trade flows in LDCs' export portfolios.

Current teaching

      ECO3151 - Introduction to Econometrics (undergraduate)
      ECO3551 - Introduction à l'économétrie (undergraduate)
      ECO4117 - Development Economics (undergraduate)
      ECO6170 - Theory of Economic Development (graduate)