Archives - ‘Peru’

¡Holá de la Ciudad de las Palmeras!

October 15, 2019 | Cheryl, Études internationales et langues modernes, Uniterra Peru - Nativos Chocolates Amazonicos, Marketing Officer

Cette semaine marque ma sixième semaine au Pérou (ma cinquième à Tarapoto, San Martín) et cela signifie ainsi que j’ai pratiquement déjà complété la moitié de la durée de mon mandat. Ce qui est un peu difficile à croire puisque je sens à la fois que les choses ici sont encore nouvelles autour de moi et que je suis ici depuis des mois. Quel étrange sentiment !

Pour ma part, je travaille en tant que conseillère en stratégies de marketing à Nativos Chocolates Amazónicos, une microentreprise qui élabore et commercialise du chocolat. Étant donné que je n’ai jamais eu d’emplois officiels en marketing dans le passé, je dois avouer que mon travail ici est à coup sûr rempli de défis. En effet, j’ai déjà eu des positions auparavant lors desquelles je me chargeais de créer des affiches promotionnels et informatives pour un député du gouvernement fédéral entre autres, mais je n’ai jamais conseillé un agent sur des stratégies de marketing. Cette situation résulte en un sentiment de stress que j’arrive quand même à gérer. Néanmoins, je suis contente d’avoir cette expérience qui repousse mes limites du côté de mes compétences en marketing. Bien-sûr, je ne deviens pas une professionnelle dans ce domaine, mais je développe des connaissances et des habiletés que je n’avais pas. Le secteur du marketing est un domaine qui m’intéresse énormément et c’est une des raisons pour laquelle j’avais choisi cette position en particulier. Je suis aussi reconnaissante car sur ce chemin, j’ai aussi l’opportunité de travailler et aussi communiquer avec ma patronne exclusivement en espagnol. Un mandat définitivement challenging mais qui vaut tellement le coup !

En commençant à travailler, j’ai aussi commencé à en apprendre davantage sur la situation au Pérou. En effet, afin d’élaborer un plan de marketing concret et réaliste pour l’année 2020, il fallait que je fasse des recherches sur Internet et auprès de ma patronne au sujet de la situation du marché du chocolat au Pérou, mais aussi avoir une vue plus large sur ce qui se passait ici. Nous le savons tous que le Pérou n’est pas le pays le plus stable politiquement. Néanmoins, il n’est pas comparable à des pays comme la République démocratique du Congo.

Au Pérou, nous retrouvons un taux élevé de corruption notamment chez les politiciens. Trait caractéristique bien-sûr non apprécié auprès des péruviens, mais surtout auprès des d’entrepreneurs ou de gérants de petites entreprises. En effet, l’instabilité politique, engendrée par le changement fréquent du cabinet et du Congrès, a un impact sur le développement des petites entreprises. Malgré la création de projets d’aide au développement, beaucoup d’entre eux n’aboutissent jamais à cause d’un changement de personne au niveau du gouvernement. Par exemple, un CITE (Centre d’innovation productive et de transfert technologique) était supposé être mis en place cette année à Tarapoto pour aider les entreprises de chocolat, mais cela ne s’est jamais passé puisque le ministre en charge a changé. Malheureusement, c’est souvent le cas et de nombreuses entreprises ici souffrent de cette instabilité. C’est ici que je reconnais le rôle important des ONG qui sont là pour tenter d’aider des organismes ou entreprises à se développer, ce qui rend mon travail valorisant.

Finalement, je vis une expérience incroyable dans une ville qui se trouve dans la jungle amazonienne avec de la nourriture incroyable et authentique, et j’ai hâte de voir ce qui se passera durant mes prochaines 7 semaines !

There is nowhere to go but up

August 2, 2019 | Brigitte, International Studies and Modern Languages, Uniterra, Peru IPES – Promoción del Desarrollo Sostenible- Sustainable Development and Communication Officer

I came to Peru with no expectations, and I believe that is why I have been so happy here. When you go in at 0, there is nowhere to go but up. I am devastated that I have to go home. I plan on relishing every moment of these last few weeks.

I am very happy here. My apartment in Miraflores is well located and comfortable, I have great friends and I can access all the services I usually would in Canada, for a much better price. Over the course of my time here, I have also been able to discover other parts of Peru. The jungle, the desert and the mountains all within a quick pane ride away. As wonderful as I find Lima, I enjoyed escaping the big city once in a while.

I have been working as a grant researcher for IPES, a local NGO that undertakes projects in environmental sustainability. Through my work, I found that finding funding opportunities is very difficult. I asked myself how I could become as efficient and productive as an amateur grant researcher and I began taking an online course to further my knowledge around this topic. From this useful training, I produced a guide that summarizes what I have learned, to help myself, my organization and future volunteers in this area.

Last week, I did a 30 minute presentation on grant research in front of a group of 15 people, entirely in Spanish. While I was doing it, I was thinking to myself “I cant believe I’m doing this” and “does this mean I’m officially trilingual now?”. It was far from perfect, and at times, I did search for my words. Regardless, I gave the entire presentation without so much as looking at my notes and I was able to take questions and respond to them adequately.

My experiences and improved language skills are not the only thing I will take away from this experience. While I am sad about going home, I leave Lima confident and excited about the future.

Lima is an amazing city !

June 14, 2019 | Brigitte, International Studies and Modern Languages, Uniterra, Peru IPES – Promoción del Desarrollo Sostenible- Sustainable Development and Communication Officer

If one year ago, you had told me I would be spending summer 2019 interning in Peru, I wouldn’t have believed you. I am delighted with my experience so far, as Lima is an amazing city that has so much to offer.

Lima is shockingly MASSIVE and extremely chaotic. This is the thirst biggest city in Latin America, with a population of almost 10 million. It is divided into over 40 districts, all of which are strikingly different. I live, work and socialize in Miraflores, San Isidro and Barranco, respectively. These are lovely neighborhoods and I feel very comfortable living here. I have started surfing every Sunday morning and I go salsa dancing every Tuesday night.

Getting accustomed to life here has been easier than I expected it to be, despite having to adjust to working and living in Spanish. Although it is my minor, I still find it very difficult to conjugate certain words and to understand technical concepts. I come home everyday completely exhausted and I often get lost between French, English and Spanish. But, as someone who is determined to master a third language, this is an exceptional opportunity to apply my language skills to the context of a workplace. Since my first week here, I have become more comfortable conversing with Limeños on various topics, whether it be at work or in social settings.

I work as a grant researcher for a local organization called IPES (Promoción del Desarrollo Sostenible). They undertake projects in urban agriculture and environmentalism around the city. I have learnt that since the late 2000s, funding for Latin American NGOS and projects geared towards the betterment of impoverished communities in this part of the world have become scarce. In general, grantors, foundations and government programs tend to prefer allocating foreign aid to organizations in Africa and in Asia. I suppose that generally, the GDP of countries in Latin American are not astonishingly low. However, it is important to acknowledge that the wealth gaps in these societies are incredibly pronounced and need to be addressed. For instance, Limeños living in trendy Miraflores live lavishly, breathing in the salty pacific air and dining in some of the most renowned restaurants in the world. Meanwhile, less than a dozen kilometers away, others must live on less than $4 a day. In rural Peru, the living conditions are disgraceful and access to adequate services is non-existent. Due to the significant lack of funding, many organizations have been forced to close their doors and stop helping communities in need. In fact, IPES, my host organization, has seen their staff subside by 2 dozen people since their establishment.

As I have become more aware of this problem, I thought it could be helpful to create a guide for non-profits in Peru on how to direct more efficient and successful research for financing opportunities. My proposal to begin this project with Uniterra was accepted last week. I am currently following a 5-week online course that will allow me to produce this tool and I look forward to see how it turns out.

Hello… from Canada !

August 15, 2018 | Adrienne, Specialization - International Development and Globalization, UNITERRA, Alianza Cacao Peru, Communication and Documentation Officer

Coming home from my time in Peru has been an incredible, if not somewhat overwhelming, experience. In retrospect, now that I’ve completed my placement, what strikes me is how much I learned about gender relations, the organization and about myself. Throughout most of my internship I felt that I was not using my time well. Too much time sitting in the office, not enough opportunities to spend time out in the field learning from those who are actively working on the organizations’ mandate. Even though I would have liked to visit the field more often, I was able to learn by observing workshops, interviewing women for the ‘Success Stories’ project, and just integrating into the organization’s community.

These learning experiences will give me valuable insight throughout my academic future, and the rest of my career. I’ve learned a considerable amount about the type of job I would like to have. In addition, I’ve thought carefully about my soft and hard skills I have and hope to develop further and put to good use, such as problem solving, networking, knowledge of development organizational structures, gender relations and women’s empowerment in rural Peru. Not to forget, and to be learned from, the difficulties of working in developing countries as a foreigner stand out as well.

I chose to participate in this program not just to add more qualifications to my resume, but for personal development. Through all of the ups and downs, the experience did not disappoint in that respect. I learned about being resourceful and persevering, digging deep and pulling out every bit of emotional energy I could muster. Getting out of my comfort zone helped reinforce knowledge I already know about who I am; the skills I have, the kind of work I find satisfying and what helps me get through challenging circumstances. Five years from now, when I look back on this internship, I know I will still feel incredibly fortunate to have been able to learn so much about myself so early on in my life.

Alianza Cacao Peru, Tingo Maria

July 25, 2018 | Adrienne, Specialization - International Development and Globalization, UNITERRA, Alianza Cacao Peru, Communication and Documentation Officer

Alianza Cacao Peru is an organization built on public-private partnerships, with businesses and cooperatives in the cacao industry. Since most of the cacao produced in Peru is produced on small farms of less than one hectare, with old trees, very low yields do not allow cocoa farming households to raise enough income to overcome extreme poverty. These low yields, inefficient intermediaries, and poor access to markets and finance, crops such as cocoa cannot compete economically with coca and other illegal activities.

With funding from USAID and DEVIDA (La Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo y Vida sin Drogas), among many other partners, Alianza Cacao Peru works to make cacao production a viable option to earn a livelihood. Their work revolves around creating direct market linkages, and access to financial assistance, and providing education of agricultural technology and an integrated agro-forestry system to improve the yields and quality cacao crops under cultivation. The organizations specific long term goals include: increased amount of hectares of land producing cacao across three regions of Peru, farmer’s incomes reaching up to $4,000 per hectare, peace and stability promoted in regions previously burdened by drug-trafficking and increased gender equality and youth engagement.

I am working in the Huánuco region, in the capital city of Tingo Maria. Here, Alianza Cacao’s efforts have been well received. In fact, organizations like Alianza Cacao and DEVIDA command a lot of respect in the region, because people want change. The regions history with the narcoterrorism group ‘The Shining Path’ is a dark one. Most people over the age of 30 have experienced horrible tragedies at the hands of the terrorists.

As an intern, I’ve been working as a documentation and communications officer on behalf of Uniterra, the Canadian organization that has facilitated my placement. For the next 2 months, my mandate is to assist with the editing of communications documents, videos, and managing the social media profiles. Aside from these duties, I am working on developing a ‘Gender Guide’ for technicians who run the educational workshops for farmers. This will serve as an outline, to give the technicians context of the challenges women in Peru face in the cacao industry, gender gaps in Peru, and good practices that can improve gender equality.

Once this is complete, I will be working on a ‘Success Stories’ project, which will require me to interview women in the cacao industry who have participated in Alianza Cacao’s trainings and improved their cacao yields, while being leaders in their respective communities. This is the part of my mandate that I am most excited about, and was one of the deciding factors in choosing this placement; I love being out in the field and interacting with people, especially those whom the organization is trying to help.

So far, things have been going well! Uniterra has given me a warm welcome, and assisted me in getting accustomed to Tingo Maria. I’ve been lucky enough to find a room above a restaurant owned by a wonderful family, who have almost taken me in as a third child. Now, I’m settling in to life at the office! I’m very grateful to have a counterpart working in communications, who has been showing me the ropes. While working in Spanish (my second language) has presented some challenges, I’ve already noticed how quickly my language skills are improving with practice. While 3 months isn’t much time, I’m looking forward to getting out of my comfort zone and making the most of this experience!”

Home Is Where the Heart Is

April 3, 2018 | Emilia, DVM, Uniterra, Peru, Alianza Cacao, Gender Communication Officer

A few months went by very quickly for me: in a 3-month internship, every day and every week counts. I became accustomed to a different lifestyle and I got to develop close relationships with colleagues, friends and neighbors. I think relationship-building has played a crucial role in my integration to the city. For me, it was part of the learning process to spend time with colleagues in the office, agronomists in the field and farming families on their land to understand the sociocultural context of the region and my role within the organization.

Data Collection with Technological Agents
I ventured into the beautiful Peruvian jungle during field visits to cocoa farms in the regions of San Martín and Huánuco. My main goal was to collect data for communication products with a gender focus. Starting with a video project, I interviewed women leaders in the cocoa industry to learn about their challenges, their successes and their overall experience in agriculture. I also wanted to know what benefits they received from Peru Cocoa Alliance (PCA) as cocoa farmers. I mainly learned that they appreciate the knowledge they acquired through the Schools of Excellence, the field days and personal visits from the organization’s agronomists to increase their productivity and quality in cocoa. Another assignment was to assess women farmers on their soft skills such as verbal communication, negotiation and conflict resolution. The data collected from these qualitative surveys will be used to adapt PCA activities and workshops to the farmers’ needs. The video project and surveys were targeted towards PCA technological agents which are a select group of cocoa farmers. They assist PCA Schools of Excellence during an 8-month period to learn about innovative farming techniques and technology such as integrated pest management, pruning, soil nutrition, and much more. PCA also works with technological agents to develop their soft skills and transfers knowledge on small business management. Additionally, the organization added a personal development component including self-confidence and a gender approach in the schools’ curriculum. The main role of technological agents is to generate a positive impact in their community by disseminating knowledge on farming techniques and technology. PCA also partners with businesses that sell farm machinery and nutrients to improve the quality of soil and increase cocoa production. Through the Schools of Excellence, the participants learn how to create their own businesses and become local distributors of the private partners’ products according to the market’s demand.

Cocoa in Regions Affected by Political Violence
I visited many cocoa farms in regions that were once strongly affected by political violence and terrorism. Through conversations with farmers, I was shocked to hear horror stories that happened in their communities. In many cases, farmers were pressured by drug traffickers on one end and threatened by the government for cultivating the coca leaf on the other end. A farmer told me about the oppression she felt when living in constant fear of being killed either by the government or by drug traffickers. She is a hard-working woman farmer dealing with psychological traumas of the past with no access to mental health services. This encounter generated a whole line of questioning for me and left me wondering what can be done in terms of human development for victims of political violence. It also helped me understand why cocoa production is so crucial for farmers in these regions. It is a product used to replace the production of coca leaves and to prevent the continuation of illicit activities. It offers an alternative market to increase farmers’ overall quality of life.

So much change in my personal and professional life all at once

February 13, 2018 | Emilia, DVM, Uniterra, Peru, Alianza Cacao, Gender Communication Officer

My journey to the entrance of the Peruvian jungle has been a whole adventure within itself and has already taught me a lot about flexibility, adaptability and patience. In total, four of my flights were canceled and I spent long hours at the airport a few times. I stayed in four different hotel rooms and moved to a new place in eight days. I worked in three offices in two cities before completing my third week on the job. I’ve never experienced so much change in my personal and professional life all at once but it’s what makes this experience so unique and crucial for students who want to pursue international development as a career. Luckily, the Uniterra team has been supporting me throughout the whole adaptation process.

I am currently working in Tingo María for Alianza Cacao Perú (ACP) as a Gender Communications Officer. Alianza Cacao Perú is a public-private partnership that provides support to cocoa farmers in Ucayali, San Martin and Huánuco. The organization seeks to share technology on how to increase the productivity and quality of cacao through schools of excellence, capacity building workshops and public events. My role at ACP has two important areas of focus: the promotion of equality between women and men and the creation of communication products. I am learning about the role of women in rural areas, how they are perceived and treated in certain settings. I am exploring how the sexual division of labour can result in the unequal distribution of roles. This, in turn, can affect women’s ability to assist workshops, attend a training or participate in communal activities. Generally, they do not occupy many governance positions and their hard work can be undervalued. Throughout this learning process, I am developing a guide to promote the concept of equality between women and men in the organization’s activities. I am also supporting the gender team in the organization of events and activities. In communications, I am taking pictures of ACP activities and working on the creation of videos to highlight the importance of women’s role in the cocoa production process. It’s a way to showcase women as leaders in their communities and to make their work visible.

So far, the highlight of my internship is visiting farming families with ACP agronomists to learn more about the cultural context, the cocoa production process and the target population. I think real life experiences are eye-opening and the reality of the field is always a great way to educate yourself on a specific topic.

Le Pérou et le Canada, pas si différents que ça…

March 26, 2015 | Katrina, Uniterra, Pérou, EPS EMAPA San Martin, stagiaire en développement économique

Je suis un peu incrédule sur le fait que je vais avoir une crise de « chocs des cultures » en rentrant au Canada, dans moins d’une semaine. Je n’ai pas eu de « chocs des cultures » en arrivant ici, alors pourquoi en aurais-je un à mon retour ?
Ne pensez pas que je n’y crois pas, car ça m’est arrivé auparavant, même à revenir d’expériences prolongées très différentes ailleurs au Canada. J’ai l’impression que Lima et Ottawa ne sont simplement pas aussi différents que ce qu’on pourrait penser.
Les deux sont des grandes villes, malgré que Lima fasse 10 fois la population d’Ottawa. Lima Centre, c’est-à-dire, en dehors des asentamientos humanos (un terme qui est utilisé ici car « bidonvilles » est très stigmatisé), ressemble à n’importe quelle ville nord-américaine : des publicités, des transports en commun, des rues, des jardins, des maisons, des parcs, etc. Le trafic est horrible, il y a des chats et chiens sans laisse partout et la vente ambulante est beaucoup plus commune, mais ce n’est pas suffisant pour faire un choc des cultures.
Quant à la culture en tant que telle, oui c’est différent. Très différent. La façon dont les gens interagissent, les mots utilisés, les blagues, les traditions, etc. À bien y penser, je suis venue à la conclusion que j’ai dû m’habituer à la façon de faire latino-américaine avant même de venir ici. Peut-être est-ce pour ça que je n’ai pas senti le choc ? J’ai fait une mineur en espagnol, et les cours nous apprennent pleins d’aspects de la culture espagnole et latino-américaine, donc j’étais déjà familière avec plusieurs choses. J’ai aussi déjà vécu en Amérique Latine auparavant. Peut-être serait-ce l’explication ?
Ou alors, je pourrais avoir des dons pour m’adapter à n’importe quelle situation. Il me fut très facile de m’établir une routine, puis la briser selon les circonstances, la ré-établir, puis la briser, etc.
Enfin, nous verrons bien lorsque je rentrerai au Canada si le Pérou me manquera beaucoup. Ce qui est certain, c’est que la seule chose qui me manque de la maison, ce sont mes amis et ma famille, rien de plus.

Du bon stress

March 12, 2015 | Katrina, Uniterra, Pérou, EPS EMAPA San Martin, stagiaire en développement économique

Il ne reste que trois semaines avant de retourner au Canada. D’un côté j’ai hâte de retrouver mes proches et amis, mais rien de plus. Mon confort et la qualité de ma routine n’est pas trop différente que ce à quoi je peux m’habituer pour une longue durée ni à ce que j’avais au Canada.
Je me suis surprise à apprécier ma vie ici, même si elle est très loin de ma famille, puisque j’apprécie beaucoup les tâches quotidiennent pour lesquelles je suis responsable dans le cadre de mon stage.

C’est arrivé à un point où je me lève chaque matin enthousiaste de faire mon travail, un phénomène que je n’avais jamais connu auparavant! Je travaille les fins de semaines et souvent en soirée pour pouvoir avancer mes projets. Je n’ai pas peur d’un “burn out” puisque ça m’amuse!
Mais je travaille fort aussi parce que j’ai énormément de trucs à faire. Comme mon premier mois de stage s’est avéré inutile (ou presque), tout mes responsabilités furent poussées dans l’espace d’un mois et demi. À les regarder en février, j’étais persuadée que je les terminerais bien avant la date limite, mais à y repenser, les conditions de travail et les circonstances font qu’il y a des chances que ça arrive tout juste.

Je dois voyager pour le travail, faire des ateliers, terminer un manuel de capacitation, distribuer des panflets, etc. Et en plus, je suis invitée à des conférences, des ateliers sur des enjeux féministes, des événements, etc. J’ai la chance de connaître l’environnement politique et activiste du Pérou.
J’ai peine à croire que très bientôt, je devrai retourner au Canada, au froid et sans emploi. J’ai envie de rester et appuyer l’Asociation Aurora Vivar, avec laquelle je fais mon stage, plusieurs mois encore… mais la réalité me frapperas très bientôt! Il est temps d’apprécier chaque petit moment ici au Pérou, car les chances sont que je ne les revivrai pas.

Déjà la moitié de mon temps passé ici à Lima!

February 20, 2015 | Katrina, Uniterra, Pérou, EPS EMAPA San Martin, stagiaire en développement économique

J’ai eu quelques malchances durant la première moitié de mon stage ici à Lima. Après un changement de direction, ma première superviseure qui se casse le pied, et ma deuxième qui quitte le travail pour maladie, il me semblait que tout tombait pile pour m’empêcher de commencer à travailler. J’ai dû affronter quelques mésaventures jusqu’à aujourd’hui, mais le pire fut certainement l’ennui!

Enfin, je vois la lumière au bout du tunnel. Aujourd’hui j’ai enfin complété mon Plan de travail pour le mois et demi qu’il me reste à passer à Lima, et je vais être très occupée! Normalement, cela me donnerait un peu d’anxiété mais après tant d’attente, je suis très excitée à contribuer à ces merveilleux projets.

Je travaille avec l’Association Aurora Vivar, qui mène deux projets pour l’égalité des genres. L’un deux vise à promouvoir le leadership féminin et les sources alternatives de revenus pour les travailleuses des entreprises agro-exportatrices de Paramonga. Très bientôt, il y aura le Jour international de la femme, le 8 mars, où nous mettrons en place une foire et des activités. Je serai en charge de la photographie et des registres, mais ce qui m’anime le plus, ce sont les feuillets que j’aurai la chance de concevoir. Ils porteront sur l’histoire du Jour de la femme, contre le harcèlement sexuel et le respect de leurs droits, et seront distribués dans les écoles de Comas et Carabayllo, au Nord de Lima y à Paramonga.

L’autre projet sur lequel Aurora Vivar travaille vise à promouvoir les carrières techniques, particulièrement de sciences et technologies, auprès des adolescentes du Nord de Lima, à Comas et Carabayllo. Plusieurs moyens sont pris pour atteindre cet objectif, dont un sous-projet appelé “La Chispa de Aurorita”, où nous faisons des ateliers sur les technologies d’information et de communication (TIC), d’électricité, de mécanique, etc. Bref, des domaines auxquels les filles ne participent pas traditionellement, et dans lesquels autrement, elles n’auraient jamais pu se découvrir un talent ou une future source de revenus. Je suis en charge de créer le manuel qui servira à la formation des enseignants sur les ateliers de TIC. C’est une assez grande responsabilité, et le projet avance lentement, mais avec un peu d’efforts, il sera fin prêt à être utilisé… après mon départ.

Malheureusement, je ne pourrai pas réellement observer le fruit de ce travail car les ateliers commenceront en avril, et je termine mon stage en mars. Cela est en partie dû au retard qu’a pris l’organisation suite au changement de direction. Mais c’est chose courante ici au Pérou, la direction change tout le temps, que ce soit des écoles, des organisations gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, c’est une façon de faire pour assurer la démocratie! J’ai entendu dire que dans plusieurs institutions (incluant le gouvernement national), il est courant que la nouvelle direction renvoie les employés qui ne correspondent pas à leur vision ou leur parti… une chance que ce n’est pas le cas dans mon organisation!

Je crois par contre que mes travaux porteront leurs fruits éventuellement, peu importe si je puisse les voir ou pas. L’important est d’y mettre les efforts, et surtout, apprendre de sa propre expérience et de l’expérience des autres!